Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Meta-analysis

  • Michael FranzenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1215

Definition

Meta-analysis was developed as a means of evaluating and comparing results among various studies. It was developed in order to provide a more objective method of drawing conclusions when there are multiple studies with varied results (Cooper et al. 2009). The typical method prior to the development of meta-analysis was the literature review in which studies were reviewed and results compared in order to arrive at general conclusions regarding the research question. Because different studies sometimes have different and even contradictory results, drawing conclusions about the general research question can be subjective. Rather than relying on a just box score (e.g., three studies for, two studies against), the meta-analysis calculates effect sizes (which see) and combines these in an objective formula, thereby increasing the probability that different readers will come to the same conclusions (Hunter and Schmidt 2004).

Later, methods were derived to compare studies based on...

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References

  1. Cooper, H., Hedges, L. V., & Valentine, J. C. (Eds.). (2009). The handbook of research synthesis and meta-analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  2. Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  3. Hunter, J. E., & Schmidt, F. L. (2004). Methods of meta-analysis: Correcting error and bias in research findings (2nd ed.). Newbury Park: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Allegheny General HospitalPittsburghUSA