Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

History (Medical, Social, Psychological)

  • Bradley N. AxelrodEmail author
  • Christian Schutte
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1200


Background information


Historical material regarding the examinee’s injury or medical event, acute treatment, subsequent treatment, developmental milestones, medical status, vocational history, education background, and other foundational material against which test results are evaluated.

Current Knowledge

When obtaining background information from an individual being examined, clinicians will often choose to review available materials documenting the patient’s accident, medical treatment, educational records, employment history, mental health treatment, and other historical information. The information is obtained through a face-to-face clinical interview as well as from a review of existing documented records. The written materials may provide an objective reporting of the information. The interview may provide a subjective reporting. However, subjectively recalled information from the patient alone might fail to provide a complete or accurate history.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Henry Ford AllegianceJacksonUSA
  2. 2.John D. Dingell VA Medical CenterPsychology Section (11MHPS)DetroitUSA