Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hygroma

  • Jennifer TinkerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_118

Synonyms

Subdural hygroma

Definition

A subdural hygroma is characterized by an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (lacking blood) within a separation of the dura-arachnoid space. A hygroma can develop following traumatic head injury, meningitis, ventriculoperitoneal shunting (secondary to the sudden decrease in intracranial pressure), or, infrequently, as a result of a tearing of an arachnoid cyst. Generally, hygroma can be differentiated from hematoma using CT scan although chronic subdural hematomas may more closely resemble hygroma via CT, in which case MRI scans are utilized. Clinically, hygromas produce similar symptoms as hematomas. These include drowsiness, confusion, irritability, and low-grade fever, which dissipate when the CSF is drained (Victor and Ropper 2001). Most subdural hygromas resolve with adequate reexpansion of the brain (Lee 1998).

References and Readings

  1. Lee, K.S. (1998) The pathogenesis and clinical significance of traumatic subdural hygroma. Brain Injury, 12(7), 595–603.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Victor, M., & Ropper, A. H. (2001). Adam’s and Victor’s principles of neurology (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyThomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA