Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hemangioma

  • Ethan MoitraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_116

Synonyms

Angioma

Definition

Hemangioma is the most common benign congenital neoplasm. It is classified as superficial (formerly known as capillary) or deep (formerly known as cavernous). Deep hemangiomas are located in the subcutaneous tissue and can occur in the brain. Brain hemangioma may lead to cognitive impairment including poor planning and cognitive inflexibility (e.g., Peru et al. 2004). The formation of platelet clots is due to blood vessel tortuosity and hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance signal of T1 hyperintense perilesional signal abnormality has been shown to help differentiate deep hemangiomas from hemorrhagic tumors and intracerebral hemorrhages. Etiology is unknown. Treatment options vary, and the decision to intervene or not remains controversial (Lam and Williams 2002). A promising nonsurgical therapy might be propranolol (e.g., Moodley et al. 2015).

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Lam, S. M., & Williams, E. F. (2002). Vascular anomalies: Review and current therapy. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, 10, 309–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Moodley, S.T., Hudson, D.A., Adams, S., & Adams, K.G. (2015). Shouldn’t propranolol be used to treat all haemangiomas? Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Epub ahead of print.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Peru, A., Pavesi, G., & Campello, M. (2004). Impairment of executive functions in a patient with a focal lesion in the anterior cingulated cortex. Evidence from neuropsychological assessment. Functional Neurology, 19, 107–111.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA