Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hippocampus

  • Amanda McGovernEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1126

Synonyms

Hippocampal formation

Definition

The hippocampus is a C-shaped, three-layered, subcortical structure, located within the medial temporal lobes, adjacent to the amygdala (Fig. 1). This phylogenetically ancient structure is divided into three continuous sections, referred to as cornu ammonis [CA], one through three (Fig. 2). The hippocampus proper is an anatomical subdivision of the hippocampal formation, which also encompasses the dentate gyrus and the subiculum (Fig. 3). Here, the term “hippocampus” will be utilized to refer to all three components of the hippocampal formation. Possessing a unique neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and electrophysiological organization, the hippocampus serves as a component of the limbic system as well as primarily functions in the formation of new memories and in spatial navigation.
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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PsychiatryColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA