Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Prosthetic Memory Aids

  • McKay Moore SohlbergEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1098


Cognitive assistive technology; Cognitive orthotics; External memory aids


Prosthetic memory aids refer to external tools designed to facilitate performance of functional activities that require intact memory. The tools promote compensation for memory impairments rather than remediation of the underlying memory problem by helping people successfully complete activities or tasks that might otherwise be impeded by a memory failure. Examples of prosthetic memory aids that require no or limited technology are memory or appointment books, calendars, checklists, or watches with alarms. There are also a number of electronic or digital devices that are used as memory aids including laptops, personal digital assistants (PDA), cell phones, and pager systems.

Current Knowledge

Frequently, prosthetic memory aids are used to prompt the completion of a target action at specified times such as following a daily schedule. Some tools are designed for the completion of specific tasks...

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References and Readings

  1. Kirsch, N. L., Shenton, M., Spril, E., Rowan, J., Simpson, R., Schreckenghost, D., et al. (2004). Web-based assistive technology interventions for cognitive impairments after traumatic brain injury: A selective review and two case studies. Rehabilitation Psychology, 49, 200–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. LoPresti, E. F., Mihailidis, A., & Kirsch, N. L. (2004). Assistive technology for cognitive rehabilitation: State of the art. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 14, 5–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Scherer, M. J. (Ed.). (2002). Assistive technology: Matching device and consumer for successful rehabilitation. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  4. Sohlberg, M. M., Kennedy, M., Avery, J. M., Coelho, C., Turkstra, L. M., Ylvisaker, M., et al. (2007). Practice guidelines for external aids for memory rehabilitation. Journal of Medical Speech Language Pathology, 15(1), xv–xvii.Google Scholar
  5. Wilson, B. A. (2009). Memory rehabilitation. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Disorders and SciencesUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA