Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Memory Book

  • McKay Moore SohlbergEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1094


Memory notebook; Memory planner


Memory books are a type of external memory aid or prosthetic that are used to help clients with memory impairments remember target information or carry out intended actions. Examples of memory books include written diaries or planners, appointment books, or customized notebooks containing patient-specific information and routines.

Current Knowledge

Memory books represent a compensatory rehabilitation approach. They may help prompt the memory of retrospective information important for people who have difficulty with autobiographical or episodic memory. A summary of personal information and circumstance using text and/or photographs may be placed in the memory book to assist with this type of memory deficit. Similarly, a diary that allows a person to record ongoing experiences may serve as a log for daily events. Memory books are also used to prompt prospectivememory or assist people in initiating desired actions at specific times....

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References and Readings

  1. Ownsworth, T. L., & McFarland, K. (1999). Memory remediation in long-term acquired brain injury: Two approaches in diary training. Brain Injury, 13(8), 605–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ptak, R., Van der Linden, M., & Schnider, A. (2010). Cognitive rehabilitation of episodic memory disorders: From theory to practice. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience, 4, 57.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2010.00057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sohlberg, M. M., & Mateer, C. A. (1989). Training the use of compensatory memory books: A three stage behavioral approach. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 11, 871–891.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Sohlberg, M. M., Kennedy, M., Avery, J. M., Coelho, C., Turkstra, L. M., Ylvisaker, M., et al. (2007). Practice guidelines for external aids for memory rehabilitation. Journal of Medical Speech Language Pathology, 15(1), xv–xvii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Disorders and SciencesUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA