Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Compensatory Strategies

  • Matthew M. KurtzEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1086


Compensatory strategies are environmental modifications or behavioral strategies designed to bypass persistent impairment in attention, memory, executive function, and/or other cognitive skills as a means to achieve desired rehabilitation goals. Environmental modifications could include the use of external aids or modifying the setting in which activities take place. The use of an alphanumeric pager and a checklist for a person with memory and executive-function deficits to ensure completion of daily tasks at specific times would be an example of external aids. Working in a distraction-free room to enhance concentration skills in a person with symptoms of disinhibition would be an example of modifying an environment. Examples of behavioral strategies would include repeating phrases during social interactions to ensure accurate processing of conversation or associating words with images to enhance recall.

Current Knowledge

Compensatory strategies have shown efficacy in...

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References and Readings

  1. Velligan, D. I., Prihoda, T. J., Ritch, J. L., Maples, N., Bow-Thomas, C., & Dassori, A. (2002). A randomized, single-blind pilot study of compensatory strategies in schizophrenia outpatients. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 28, 283–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Wilson, B. A. (2008). Neuropsychological rehabilitation. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Wilson, B. A., Emslie, H. C., Quirk, K., & Evans, J. J. (2001). Reducing everyday memory and planning problems by means of a paging system: A randomised control crossover study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 70, 477–482.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWesleyan UniversityMiddletownUSA