Compensatory strategies are environmental modifications or behavioral strategies designed to bypass persistent impairment in attention, memory, executive function, and/or other cognitive skills as a means to achieve desired rehabilitation goals. Environmental modifications could include the use of external aids or modifying the setting in which activities take place. The use of an alphanumeric pager and a checklist for a person with memory and executive-function deficits to ensure completion of daily tasks at specific times would be an example of external aids. Working in a distraction-free room to enhance concentration skills in a person with symptoms of disinhibition would be an example of modifying an environment. Examples of behavioral strategies would include repeating phrases during social interactions to ensure accurate processing of conversation or associating words with images to enhance recall.
Compensatory strategies have shown efficacy in...