Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

  • William B. BarrEmail author
  • Stella Karantzoulis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1058


Limbic epilepsy; Psychomotor epilepsy; Temporolimbic epilepsy


Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a form of partial epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures originating from the medial or lateral temporal lobe. It is considered to be the most common (80%) of all epileptic syndromes. The etiology of TLE is often characterized as idiopathic, indicating that its cause is not related to a readily identified brain lesion. TLE is most commonly associated with complex partial seizures, although a large number of individuals with TLE also experience simple partial and/or secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. The syndrome of TLE has been associated with features extending well beyond the occurrence of seizures, with many patients experiencing specific forms of cognitive dysfunction and psychiatric comorbidity.

Current Knowledge

The medical literature has traditionally characterized TLE as a unitary syndrome. This trend has changed in recent years owing to numerous...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NYU Langone Medical CenterComprehensive Epilepsy CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Modern Brain CenterNew YorkUSA