Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Psychomotor Epilepsy

  • Brian D. BellEmail author
  • Nuri Erkut Kucukboyaci
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1054

Synonyms

Complex partial seizures with automatisms; Dreamy states; Limbic seizures; Uncinate fits

Definition

F. Gibbs and W. Lennox proposed the term psychomotor epilepsy in 1937 to describe the electroclinical complex characteristic of seizures marked by cognitive, affective, motor, and autonomic disturbances. In later reports, H. Jasper and Gibbs and their colleagues identified the mesial temporal lobes as the most common sites for seizure activity, recorded via EEG. Others proposed various psychomotor epilepsy subtypes, some of which were associated with extratemporal limbic areas. However, the prominence of the temporal lobe type was emphasized, and the terms psychomotor epilepsy and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) were at times used interchangeably.

Today, psychomotor epilepsy is an outdated term made obsolete by the 2017 International League Against Epilepsy’s (ILAE) multilevel classification of the epilepsies, which organizes information around seizure types (i.e., focal,...

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References and Readings

  1. Engel Jr., J. (2001). Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: What have we learned? The Neuroscientist, 7, 340–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Engel Jr., J., & Pedley, T. A. (Eds.). (1998). Epilepsy: A comprehensive textbook (Vol. 3). Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven.Google Scholar
  3. Fisher, R. S., Cross, J. H., French, J. A., Higurashi, N., Hirsch, E., Jansen, F. E., Lagae, L., Moshé, S. L., Peltola, J., Roulet Perez, E., Scheffer, I. E., & Zuberi, S. M. (2017). Operational classification of seizure types by the International League Against Epilepsy: Position Paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia.  https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.13670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lennox, W. G. (1951). The psychomotor epilepsies. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 141, 81–82.Google Scholar
  5. Lüders, H. O. (Ed.). (1992). Epilepsy surgery. New York: Raven.Google Scholar
  6. Scheffer, I. E., Berkovic, S., Capovilla, G., Connolly, M. B., French, J., Guilhoto, L., Hirsch, E., Jain, S., Mathern, G. W., Moshé, S. L., Nordli, D. R., Perucca, E., Tomson, T., Wiebe, S., Zhang, Y.-H., & Zuberi, S. M. (2017). ILAE classification of the epilepsies: Position paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia.  https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.13709.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Wieser, H. G. (1983). Electroclinical features of the psychomotor seizure. New York: Fischer.Google Scholar
  8. Wyllie, E. (Ed.). (2015). The treatment of epilepsy: Principles and practice (6th ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  9. Zuberi, S. M., & Perucca, E. (2017). A new classification is born. Epilepsia.  https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.13694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Clinical PsychologyRusk Institute – NYU Langone HealthNew YorkUSA