Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Nathalie DeFabriqueEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1002


Civil action


Litigation is a lawsuit or a civil action brought before a court in which the plaintiff seeks a legal remedy. One or more defendants are required to respond to the plaintiff’s complaint. If the plaintiff wins their case, damages may be awarded. If a lawsuit is not settled by agreement between the parties out of court, it would eventually be heard and decided by a judge or jury in a court. Litigation is one way that people and companies resolve disputes.


References and Readings

  1. Bailey, J. A. (1998). The concise dictionary of medical-legal terms. New York: Parthenon.Google Scholar
  2. Garner, B. A. (Ed.). (2004). Black’s law dictionary (8th ed.). St. Paul: West Group.Google Scholar
  3. Koocher, G. P. (1998). Glossary of legal terms of special interest in mental health practice. In G. Koocher, J. Norcross, & S. Hill (Eds.), Psychologist’s desk reference. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cook County Department of CorrectionsChicagoUSA