Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

  • Cynthia Rolston
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9218-1

Synonyms

Definition

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) by a pattern of perfectionism, over-controlling behaviors of self and others, and extreme inflexibility around rules and routines, starting in early adulthood and present across contexts. Diagnostic criteria include:
  • Preoccupation with details, rules, order, detracting from task intent.

  • Rigidness, stubbornness, and perfectionism, interfering with task completion.

  • Excessive devotion to work, limiting social and leisure activities.

  • Inflexibility around morality, ethics, and values.

  • Inability to discard worn, useless objects of no value.

  • Reluctance to delegate tasks unless they will be done to exact specifications.

  • Overly frugal, likely to hoard money.

Categorization

OCPD is classified with the Cluster C Personality Disorders in DSM-5.

Current Knowledge

Prevalence

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Cain, N. M., Ansell, E. B., Simpson, H. B., & Pinto, A. (2015). Interpersonal functioning in obsessive–compulsive personality disorder. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(1), 90–99. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2014.934376.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  6. Fineberg, N. A., Kaur, S., Kolli, S., Mpavaenda, D., & Reghunandanan, S. (2015b). Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. In K. A. Phillips & D. J. Stein (Eds.), (pp. 247–272). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. doi: 10.1093/med/9780198706878.001.0001.Google Scholar
  7. Gjerde, L.C., Czajkowski, N., Røysamb, E., Ystrom, E., Tambs, K., Aggen, S.H., . . . Knudsen, G.P. (2015). A longitudinal, population-based twin study of avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder traits from early to middle adulthood. Psychological Medicine, 45(16), 3539–3548. doi: 10.1017/S0033291715001440
  8. Gordon, O. M., Salkovskis, P. M., & Bream, V. (2016). The impact of obsessive compulsive personality disorder on cognitive behaviour therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 44(4), 444–459. doi: 10.1017/S1352465815000582.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Liggett, J., Carmichael, K. L. C., Smith, A., & Sellbom, M. (2017). Validation of self-report impairment measures for section III obsessive–compulsive and avoidant personality disorders. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(1), 1–14. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2016.1185613.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Park, J. M., Storch, E. A., Pinto, A., & Lewin, A. B. (2016). Obsessive–compulsive personality traits in youth with obsessive–compulsive disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 47(2), 281–290. doi: 10.1007/s10578-015-0565-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Timpano, K. R., Raines, A. M., Shaw, A. M., Keough, M. E., & Schmidt, N. B. (2016). Effects of a brief anxiety sensitivity reduction intervention on obsessive compulsive spectrum symptoms in a young adult sample. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 83, 8–15. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.07.022.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA