Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

  • Cynthia Rolston
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9218-1



Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) by a pattern of perfectionism, over-controlling behaviors of self and others, and extreme inflexibility around rules and routines, starting in early adulthood and present across contexts. Diagnostic criteria include:
  • Preoccupation with details, rules, order, detracting from task intent.

  • Rigidness, stubbornness, and perfectionism, interfering with task completion.

  • Excessive devotion to work, limiting social and leisure activities.

  • Inflexibility around morality, ethics, and values.

  • Inability to discard worn, useless objects of no value.

  • Reluctance to delegate tasks unless they will be done to exact specifications.

  • Overly frugal, likely to hoard money.


OCPD is classified with the Cluster C Personality Disorders in DSM-5.

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA