Effects of Food Intake
The management of many diseases requires drug treatment, particularly involving the use of multiple drugs. Food-drug interactions can affect or even change the effects of drugs, and the therapeutic effects or side effects of medications can affect the nutritional status. Alternatively, the diet and the use of supplements or the nutritional status of the patient can decrease a drug’s efficacy or increase its toxicity.
References and Further Reading
- Grimm M, Koziolek M, Saleh M et al (2018) Gastric emptying and small bowel water content after administration of grapefruit juice compared to water and isocaloric solutions of glucose and fructose: a four-way crossover MRI pilot study in healthy subjects. Mol Pharm 15:548–559CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Pronsky M (2004) Food medication interactions, 13th edn. Food Medication Interactions, BirchrunvilleGoogle Scholar
- Roth A (1995) Drug metabolism. In: Smith M, Reynard M (eds) Essentials of pharmacology. WB Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Tischio P (1995) In: Gennaro R (ed) The science and practice of pharmacology, 19th edn. Mack Publishing, EastonGoogle Scholar
- Zastrow M (2012) Drug receptors and pharmacodynamics. In: Katzung B, Masters S, Trevor A (eds) Basic and clinical pharmacology, 13th edn. McGrawHill Medical, New York. International editionGoogle Scholar