PK/PD Approaches

  • Yichao Yu
  • Diether Rüppel
  • Willi Weber
  • Hartmut DerendorfEmail author
Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history


The success of the drug development program heavily relies on the rational drug design with appropriate choice of drug and dosing regimen. This requires a good understanding of both drug delivery mechanism and drug response mechanism. Two of the most important pharmacologic disciplines, namely, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD), can be linked together by PK/PD approach, which has tremendous potential to influence decision-making through modeling and simulation. With its nature of an interdisciplinary science, this state-of-art strategy can leverage different kinds of preclinical and clinical data through mathematical and statistical models. This framework is powerful to assist researchers with better understanding of drug behavior and effectiveness, disease progression, and the impact of demographic characteristics on a subpopulation or individual patients. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of basic concepts in PK and PD and discuss various approaches in PK/PD modeling and simulation, together with its applications in antibiotic drug development as it is very well established in this field. The PK/PD concepts and theories presented here are not limited to antibiotics only but can also be broadly applied to drug development in other therapeutic areas.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yichao Yu
    • 1
  • Diether Rüppel
    • 2
  • Willi Weber
    • 3
  • Hartmut Derendorf
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutics College of PharmacyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.PKDM/TMEDSanofi-Aventis GermanyFrankfurtGermany
  3. 3.FrankfurtGermany

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