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Production of Iridoid and Phenylethanoid Glycosides by In Vitro Systems of Plants from the Buddlejaceae, Orobanchaceae, and Scrophulariaceae Families

  • Ewelina Piątczak
  • Renata Grąbkowska
  • Halina Wysokińska
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

The plants belonging to Buddlejaceae, Orobanchaceae, and Scrophulariaceae families are rich sources of iridoid and phenylethanoid glycosides, which are widely used as anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, and nourishing agents. Recent years have seen the application of various in vitro culture systems as alternative source of these metabolites. We discuss the use of callus, cell suspension cultures, shoot cultures, and the whole regenerated plants as possible approaches for production of the compounds. Additionally, methods of efficiently improving metabolite accumulation in in vitro cultures through elicitation, precursor feeding, and both Agrobacterium rhizogenes- and A. tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformations (hairy roots, transformed plants) among the plant families are also presented.

Keywords

Buddlejaceae Bioreactor Callus Cell suspension culture Elicitation Hairy roots Iridoid glycosides Orobanchaceae Phenylethanoid glycosides (PeGs) Scrophulariaceae 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewelina Piątczak
    • 1
  • Renata Grąbkowska
    • 1
  • Halina Wysokińska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical BotanyMedical UniversityŁódźPoland

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