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Factors Controlling Carbon and Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation During Biosynthesis of Lipids by Phototrophic Organisms

  • Nikolai Pedentchouk
  • Youping Zhou
Living reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

The analysis of carbon and hydrogen stable isotope ratios of lipids from natural products is an integral component of research in Earth sciences. The isotopic composition of lipids from algae and higher plants can be linked with various environmental parameters, which makes lipid biomarkers a rich source of information about biological, chemical, and physical processes in the environment. This chapter reviews the key external and internal factors that affect C and H isotopic fractionation during biosynthesis of lipids. Significant advances need to be made to increase our level of understanding of the processes that control fractionation in different lipid groups and within individual lipid molecules.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  2. 2.School of Chemistry & Chemical EngineeringShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi’anChina
  3. 3.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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