Management of Hemorrhoidal Disease in Special Conditions
In this chapter, management of hemorrhoidal disease in special conditions is discussed. These special conditions include acutely thrombosed or strangulated external hemorrhoids and hemorrhoidal disease in pregnancy, in patients with cirrhosis or portal hypertension, in patients having anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs, and in patients with immune deficiency. Medical and surgical treatments, alternatives of treatment, complications, and outcome are presented.
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