Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Ignition Sources

  • Anne GanteaumeEmail author
  • Alexandra D. Syphard
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_43-1



Any ignition of natural or human origin (direct or indirect) that can provoke a wildfire.


Fires have been burning on earth largely since the origin of plants as the existence of fire depends on a combination of fuel, sufficient oxygen levels, and a heat source (Pausas and Keeley 2009). Natural heat sources to spark fires, primarily lightning, but also including other natural events, such as volcanoes or meteors, have existed through the history of the planet. Over time, the extent and frequency of fires have oscillated according to changes in climate and vegetation. Early in the Quaternary, high climate seasonality favored fire expansion in southern Europe as it did in many other ecosystems of the northern and southern hemispheres. Later, during the Neolithic Age, humans began affecting the fire regime by accidentally or deliberately setting and stopping fires and by...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RECOVER-EMRIRSTEAAix-en-ProvenceFrance
  2. 2.Conservation Biology InstituteCorvallisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Raphaele Blanchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Land & WaterCSIROMelbourneAustralia