Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Hotspot

  • Marc CastellnouEmail author
  • Marta Miralles
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_189-1
  • 3 Downloads

Synonyms

Definition

A particularly active part of a fire (USDA 2019).

Introduction

Fire is always dynamic, changeable, and constantly spreading. Firefighters are always interested in which are the more active parts of the fire and which is the one that can spread or is already spreading. The term hotspot may have different meanings, depending on the scale and timeframe under consideration.

Landscape Scale Hotspots

At a landscape scale over a long time period, hotspot maps show the density of ignitions that can occur in the territory. By definition, in areas with higher population density, the number of ignitions will be higher than in areas of the territory more depopulated (González et al. 2012).

At a landscape scale but over a short time period, hotspots are the hottest areas in the burning zone. They help to identify the more active part of a fire or the direction in which the fire is spreading. So, in satellite data, hotspots are defined as image pixels whose...

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References

  1. Butler B, Bartlette R, Bradshaw L, Cohen J, Andrews P, Putnam T, Mangan R (1998) Fire behavior associated with the 1994 South Canyon fire on storm King Muntain, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Research Station. USDA, p 91Google Scholar
  2. Countryman CM (1971) Fire whirls...why, when, and where. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, p 14Google Scholar
  3. González-Olabarria JR, Brotons L, Gritten D, Tudela A, Teres JA (2012) Identifying location and causality of fire ignition hotspots in a Mediterranean region. Int J Wildland Fire 21:905–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Stacey R (2012) European glossary for wildfires and forest fires. EUFOFINET. European Union-Interreg. 1st ednGoogle Scholar
  5. USDA Forest Service (2019) Fire terminology. USDA Forest Service website: https://www.fs.fed.us/nwacfire/home/terminology.html#S
  6. Xifré MA, Ubeda X, Prat N (2017) Dinámica de combustion latent en un bosque de Pinus halepensis. Estudio de caso de los incendios de Rocallaura (junio-julio 2016). Trabajo final de máster. Universidad de BarcelonaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Catalan Fire and Rescue ServiceMinistry of Home Affairs. Government of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sara McAllister
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceRMRS Missoula Fire Sciences LaboratoryMissoulaUSA