Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database (SEAD)

  • Philip I. Buckland
  • Mattias Sjölander
  • Erik J. Eriksson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_833-2

Introduction

Environmental archaeology encompasses a wide range of scientific methods for analyzing the results of past human activities, environments, climates, and perhaps, most importantly, the relationships between these. Many of these methods are referred to as proxy analyses, denoting the illumination of the past as interpreted indirectly through the evidence of fossil organisms or properties. These lines of evidence, or proxy data sources, are assumed to reflect past conditions by way of their dependence on them. For example, a species of beetle may only survive within a specific climate range, and thus its presence in samples indicates this climate at the time of deposition; organic waste deposited around a farmstead will raise soil phosphate levels above those of the surrounding land; and the presence of cereal grains in postholes suggests their local cultivation or import, usage, or storage. While it is easier to store, manage, and analyze the data produced by these methods...

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References

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  17. Strawhacker, C., P.I. Buckland, G. Palsson, A. Fridrikkson, E. Lethbridge, A. Brin, R. Opitz, and T. Dawson. 2015. Building cyberinfrastructure from the ground up for the North Atlantic Biocultural Organization: Introducing the cyberNABO Project. In 2015 Digital Heritage International Congress, vol 2: Analysis & Interpretation Theory, Methodologies, Preservation & Standards Digital Heritage Projects & Applications, 2: 457–460.  https://doi.org/10.1109/DigitalHeritage.2015.7419547.
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Further Reading

  1. Buckland, P.I. 2010a. SEAD – The Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database. An international research cyber-infrastructure for studying past changes in climate, environment and human activities. Journal of Northern Studies 1 (2010): 113–126.Google Scholar
  2. Buckland, P.I. 2010b. Environmental archaeology, climate change and e-science. Skytteanska Samfundets årsbok 2010, Thule, 55–69.Google Scholar
  3. Buckland, P.I. 2011. Freeing information to the people. International Innovation, EuroFocus 4: 51–53. Nordic Spotlight.Google Scholar
  4. Buckland, P.I., E.J. Eriksson, and F. Palm. 2014. SEAD – The strategic environmental archaeology database: Progress report spring 2014. Miljöarkeologiska Laboratoriets Rapporter 2014–013. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88711
  5. SEAD related publications will be made available at http://sead.se/publications/index.html

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip I. Buckland
    • 1
  • Mattias Sjölander
    • 1
  • Erik J. Eriksson
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Archaeology Lab., Department of Historical, Philosophical & Religious StudiesUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.ICT Services and System Development (ITS)Umeå UniversityUmeåSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Manuel Arroyo-Kalin
    • 1
  • Dorian Q. Fuller
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK