Burger, Richard

  • Nicholas E. BrownEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3476-1

Basic Biographical Information

Richard Lewis Burger (Fig. 1) is an anthropological archaeologist from the United States known for his work on the emergence of civilization in the Central Andes. Born in Manhattan, New York on September 4, 1950, he was the oldest child of Norman Burger, a lawyer and CPA, and Marion Levy, a bacteriologist and special education teacher. Both of his parents were archaeology enthusiasts, and his father served as the first president of the Long Island Chapter of the Archaeological Institute of America. Burger was educated in the public school system of Great Neck, New York. He received a bachelor’s degree in archaeology in 1972 from Yale College, studying under Thomas Patterson and Michael Coe, and a doctorate in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1978, studying under John Howland Rowe and Dorothy Menzel. Burger is married to Peruvian archaeologist Lucy Salazar, with whom he has collaborated on many research projects.
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  1. Burger, Richard L. 1992. Chavin and the origins of Andean civilization. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  2. Burger, Richard L. 2019. Understanding the socioeconomic trajectory of Chavín de Huántar: A new radiocarbon sequence and its wider implications. Latin American Antiquity 30 (2): 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burger, Richard L., and F. Asaro. 1977. Trace element analysis of obsidian artifacts from the Andes: New perspectives on pre-Hispanic economic interaction in Peru and Bolivia. LBL-6343. Berkeley: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.Google Scholar
  4. Burger, Richard L., and Lucy Salazar Burger. 1980. Ritual and religion at Huaricoto. Archaeology 33 (6): 26–32.Google Scholar
  5. Burger, Richard L., and Lucy Salazar Burger, eds. 2004. Machu Picchu: Unveiling the mystery of the Incas. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Burger, Richard L., and Lucy Salazar Burger. 2008. The Manchay culture and the coastal inspiration for Highland Chavín civilization. In Chavín: Art, architecture, and culture, ed. William Conklin and Jeffrey Quilter, 85–105. Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press at UCLA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burger, Richard L., and Michael D. Glascock. 2000. Locating the Quispisisa Obsidian source in the Department of Ayacucho, Peru. Latin American Antiquity 11 (3): 258–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burger, Richard L., Kris E. Lane, and Colin A. Cooke. 2016. Ecuadorian cinnabar and the Prehispanic trade in vermilion pigment: Viable hypothesis or red herring? Latin American Antiquity 27 (1): 22–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Burger, Richard L. 1984. The Prehistoric Occupation of Chavin de Huántar, Peru, University of California publications in anthropology. Vol. 14. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. Burger, Richard L. 1988. Unity and heterogeneity within the Chavin horizon. In Peruvian prehistory, ed. Richard Keatinge, 99–144. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Burger, Richard L. 1993. The Chavin horizon: Stylistic chimera or socioeconomic metamorphosis. In Latin American horizons, ed. Don Rice, 41–82. Washington D.C: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.Google Scholar
  4. Burger, Richard L. 2011. What kind of hallucinogenic snuff was used at Chavín de Huántar? An iconographic identification. Ñawpa Pacha 31 (2): 123–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burger, Richard L. 2013. In the realm of the Incas: An archaeological reconsideration of household exchange, long-distance trade, and marketplaces in the pre-Hispanic Central Andes. In Merchants, markets, and exchange in the pre-Columbian world, ed. Kenneth G. Hirth and Joanne Pillsbury, 319–334. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.Google Scholar
  6. Burger, Richard L., and Jerrold B. Leikin. 2018. Cinnabar use in Prehispanic Peru and its possible health consequences. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 17: 730–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burger, Richard L., and Ramiro Matos Mendieta. 2002. Atalla: A center on the periphery of the Chavín horizon. Latin American Antiquity 13 (2): 153–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burger, R., and L.C. Salazar. 2014. Centro de qué? Los sitios con arquitectura pública de la cultura Manchay en la costa central del Perú. El Centro Ceremonial Andino: Nuevas Perspectivas para los Períodos Arcaico y Formativo. Senri Ethnological Studies 89 (2014): 291–313.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Claire Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia