World Heritage Syria

  • Adnan KazouEmail author
Living reference work entry

Historical Overview of Syria

Syria is located in the center of the Middle East, which has provided the most ancient civilizations to human history. It is an area with ancient civilizations dating back thousands of years.

Stable human settlements began to appear in the Syrian region in the prehistoric ages. Through the period of historical ages that began in the late fourth millennium BC, Syria was home to many civilizations. It was a zone of conflict for the power and domination of the empires that stabilized and flourished in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, and Persia. Syria was the seat of some civilizations such as Ebla, Mari, and others (the end of the third millennium and the beginning of the second millennium BC) and was the seat of civilizations and kingdoms of Amorites, Aramaic, Syriac and others. It was also a home of the Phoenician civilization that spread throughout the Mediterranean coasts and other parts of the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, it founded commercial...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture and DesignAl-Ahliyya Amman UniversityAmmanJordan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vicky Kynourgiopoulou
    • 1
  1. 1.John Felice Rome CentreLoyola University ChicagoRomeItaly