Monte Testaccio (Rome, Italy)

  • José Remesal Rodríguez
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3331-1

Definition

Monte Testaccio is located next to the Tiber River, near the Porta San Paolo and the well-known pyramid-shaped tomb of Gaius Cestius, within what was the warehouse district, horrea, of ancient Rome (Fig. 1). An artificial hill with a perimeter of almost 1 km and a height of 50 m, Monte Testaccio was formed from the remains of fragments of millions of amphorae deposited there during the first three centuries CE. It is common to find stamped inscriptions on many of these amphorae. The toponym Mons Testaceus (Monte Testaccio in Italian) derives from the Latin word testa, meaning a fragment of pottery, hence the popular alternate name of “Monte dei Cocci.” This hill stands out in the middle of the plain below the Aventine Hill and constitutes a singular element in the topography of ancient Rome (Aguilera Martín 2002) (Fig. 2). Although we do not have any ancient literary testimony of this hill, its enormous bulk was always evident both to the inhabitants of the city and to its...
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catedrático de Historia AntiguaUniversidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jeffrey A. Becker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Classical and Near Eastern StudiesBinghamton University – State University of New YorkBinghamtonUSA