The basic premise of island archaeology is to understand how humans used islands in the past. Island archaeology considers the geographical characteristics of insular spaces as a starting point for further analysis, often within a comparative and diachronic framework. In this context, islands are considered to deserve specialist study, with three approaches featuring more prominently in the literature: (1) islands come in so many different shapes and forms that their comparison can shed light on several types of human/environmental adaptations; (2) they are like “laboratories,” i.e., microcosms or simpler versions of the mainland; and (3) they have specific characteristics that set them aside from other geographical settings.
Not everybody agrees that islands are “special” or inherently “different” from mainland situations: coastal and island locations – for instance – share many features, proximity to the sea being the most obvious one. Nevertheless, islands, especially...
- Broodbank, C. 2000. An island archaeology of the early cyclades. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Cochrane, E.E., and T.L. Hunt. 2017. The archaeology of prehistoric Oceania. In The Oxford handbook of prehistoric Oceania, ed. E. Cochrane and T. Hunt, 1–29. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Conolly, J., and M. Campbell. 2008. Comparative island archaeologies, BAR international series 1829. Oxford: Archaeopress.Google Scholar
- Curet, L.A. 2004. Island archaeology and units of analysis in the study of ancient Caribbean societies. In Voyages of discovery. The archaeology of islands, ed. S.M. Fitzpatrick, 187–202. Westport/London: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Dawson, H. 2014. Mediterranean voyages. The archaeology of Island colonisation and abandonment. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
- Evans, J.D. 1973. Islands as laboratories for the study of culture process. In The explanation of culture change: Models in prehistory, ed. A.C. Renfrew, 517–520. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
- Fitzpatrick, S.M. 2004. Synthesizing island archaeology. In Voyages of discovery. The archaeology of islands, ed. S.M. Fitzpatrick, 3–20. Westport/London: Praeger.Google Scholar
- MacArthur, R.H., and E.O. Wilson. 1967. The theory of Island biogeography. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Mead, M. 1957. Introduction to Polynesia as laboratory for the development of models in the study of cultural evolution. Journal of the Polynesian Society 66: 145.Google Scholar
- O’Connor, S., and P. Hiscock. 2017. The peopling of Sahul and near Oceania. In The Oxford handbook of prehistoric Oceania, ed. E. Cochrane and T. Hunt, 26–47. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Renfrew, C. 2004. Islands out of time? Towards an analytical framework. In Voyages of discovery. The archaeology of islands, ed. S.M. Fitzpatrick, 275–229. Westport/London: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Spriggs, M. 2008. Are islands islands? Some thoughts on the history of chalk and cheese. In Islands of inquiry. Colonisation, seafaring and the archaeology of maritime landscapes, ed. G. Clark, F. Leach, and S. O’Connor, 211–226. ANU E Press, Australian National University Press, Canberra.Google Scholar
- Terrell, J. 1977. Human biogeography in the Solomon Islands. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.Google Scholar
- Vayda, A.P., and R.A. Rappaport. 1963. Island cultures. In Man’s place in the island ecosystem, ed. F.R. Fosberg, 133–144. Honolulu: Bishop Museum.Google Scholar
- Bahn, P., and J. Flenley. 1992. Easter island, Earth island. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
- Carter, T., D. Contreras, S. Doyle, D.D. Mihailović, T. Moutsiou, and N. Skarpelis. 2014. The Stélida Naxos archaeological project: New data on the middle Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Cyclades. Antiquity Project Gallery 88 (341). https://www.antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/carter341.
- Cherry, J.F., and T.P. Leppard. 2014. A little history of mediterranean island prehistory. In The Cambridge prehistory of the bronze and Iron age Mediterranean, ed. A.B.. Knapp and P. van Dommelen, 10–24. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Hamilton, S. 2016. Materialising island worlds: The case of prehistoric Rapa Nui (Easter Island). In Rapa Nui – Easter Island: Cultural and historical perspectives, ed. I. Conrich and H. Mückler, 129–148. Berlin: Frank & Timme.Google Scholar
- Hay, P. 2006. A Phenomenology of Islands. Island Studies Journal 1 (1): 19–42.Google Scholar
- Hunt, T., and C. Lipo. 2011. The statues that walked. Unraveling the mystery of Easter Island. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Ingicco, T., G.D. van den Bergh, C. Jago-on, J.-J. Bahain, M.G. Chacón, N. Amano, H. Forestier, C. King, K. Manalo, S. Nomade, A. Pereira, M.C. Reyes, A.-M. Sémah, Q. Shao, P. Voinchet, C. Falguères, P.C.H. Albers, M. Lising, G. Lyras, D. Yurnaldi, P. Rochette, A. Bautista, and J. de Vos Carter. 2018. Earliest known hominin activity in the Philippines by 709 thousand years ago. Nature 557: 233–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Irwin, G. 1983. Chieftainship, Kula and trade in Massim prehistory. In The Kula: New perspectives on Massim exchange, ed. J.W. Leach and E. Leach, 29–72. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Kelman, I. 2018. Islands of vulnerability and resilience: Manufactured stereotypes? https://doi.org/10.1111/area.12457.
- Seetah, K. 2010. “Our struggle”. Mauritius: An exploration of colonial legacies on an ‘island paradise’. Shima 4 (1): 99–112.Google Scholar
- Simmons, A.H. 2014. Stone age sailors. Paleolithic seafaring in the Mediterranean (with contributions by K. Di Benedetto). Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
- Strasser, T.F., E. Panagopoulou, C.N. Runnels, P.M. Murray, N. Thompson, P. Karkanas, F.W. McCoy, and K.W. Wegmann. 2010. Stone age seafaring in the Mediterranean: Evidence from the Plakias region for lower Palaeolithic and Mesolithic habitation of Crete. Hesperia 79 (2): 145–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar