The Paleolithic in Hungary

  • György LengyelEmail author
Living reference work entry

Introduction/Historical Background

Systematic Paleolithic research in Hungary began at the end of the nineteenth century when three bifacial knapped lithic tools were found in Miskolc (northeast Hungary) during building the house of János Bársony (prosecutor of Miskolc) on the right bank of the Szinva Creek in the center of the town. Due to their shapes, Ottó Herman (1835–1914, ornithologist, arachnologist, ichthyologist, ethnographic, and also a politician), the polyhistor of Miskolc, classified the three finds as Paleolithic handaxes, similar to those found in the Somme River terraces in France. Critics doubted the Pleistocene origin of the finds and Herman’s claim that humans lived in Hungary during the Paleolithic. To find solid evidence for the existence of Paleolithic human population in Hungary, Herman took advantage of his political connections in Ignác Darányi (1849–1927), minister of agriculture, who encouraged the Royal Geological Institute of Hungary to launch excavations...
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This study was supported by the National Science Center (NCN), Poland decision No. DEC-2016/23/P/HS3/04034. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 665778.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Systematics and Evolution of AnimalsPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium