Extreme Environments in Archaeology: Disaster

  • Eduardo Corona-MEmail author
  • María Isabel Campos Goenaga
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2864-1

Introduction

Historically, the so-called “natural disasters” have been considered an important study object among archaeologists, such as the case of the renowned localities of Pompeii and Herculaneum (Italy), excavated since the eighteenth century. However, the explanation of the disaster has increased throughout the twentieth century, since it has been invoked as the cause of various social transformations, especially because of their effects on complex societies (Sheets 1980; Buren 2001). Currently, it is also claimed that natural hazards and disasters are among the great challenges of twenty-first century archaeology by the growing interest on this issue (Kintigh et al. 2014; d’Alpoim Guedes et al. 2016).

However, it is noteworthy that archaeology does not have yet a complete documentation regarding localities, theoretical and methodological approaches, or disciplinary collaborative agreements. Unlike what it has been done from the anthropological and historical perspective (Brown 2017...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Corona-M
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Isabel Campos Goenaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro INAH MorelosInstituto Nacional de Antropología e HistoriaCuernavacaMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vivian Scheinsohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científico y Técnicas/Universidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina