North and Saharan Africa: Geography and Culture During the Lower Stone Age

  • Deborah BarskyEmail author
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2244-4

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

North and Saharan Africa: Geomorphology and Climatic History

North and Saharan Africa constitute a vast geographical region delineated by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Sahara desert sands are bordered to the south by the Sahel savannah grasslands, a shifting transitional ecoregion in perpetual expansion and contraction under the impulse of cyclical climate change. Presently, North Africa partly or wholly embraces Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt, while Saharan Africa includes the northerly sectors of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan. The most striking geomorphological feature of this region is, of course, the Sahara desert, a vast platform punctuated by high plateaus and mountain ranges whose foundations are composed of Precambrian era rocks. This ancient platform was warped up, denuded, and eroded over time into swells and basins. Sandstone and limestone...
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Further Reading

  1. Brunet, M., F. Guy, D. Pilbeam, H.T. Mackaye, A. Likius, D. Ahounta, A. Beauvilain, C. Blondel, H. Bocherens, J.R. Boisserie, L. De Bonis, Y. Coppens, J. Dejax, C. Denys, Ph. Duringer, V. Eisenmann, G. Fanone, P. Fronty, D. Geraads, T. Lehmann, F. Lihoreau, A. Louchart, A. Mahamat, G. Merceron, G. Mouchelin, O. Otero, P. Peláez Campomanes, M.S. Ponce de León, J.C. Rage, M. Sapanet, M. Schuster, J. Sudre, P. Tassy, X. Valentin, P. Vignaud, L. Viriot, A. Zazzo, and C.P.E. Zollikofer. 2002. A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa. Nature 418: 145–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PrehistoryInstitut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV)TarragonaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium