Göbekli Tepe: Agriculture and Domestication

  • Joris PetersEmail author
  • Klaus Schmidt
  • Laura Dietrich
  • Oliver Dietrich
  • Nadja Pöllath
  • Moritz Kinzel
  • Lee Clare
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2226-2

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

The Site

Göbekli Tepe is situated on one of the highest points of the Germuş mountain range at ca. 770 m asl., offering a wide view over the Harran Plain to the south. The mound with a height of about 15 m has a diameter of around 300 m and is characterized by several knolls divided by hollows. It is surrounded by a limestone plateau, which mostly shows no soil cover today and only very scarce vegetation (Knitter et al. 2019). Neolithic traces were first reported during a combined survey by the University of Istanbul and the Oriental Institute and Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago in the 1960s (Benedict 1980), but the megalithic architecture covered by the mound remained unrecognized until its discovery in 1994 by Klaus Schmidt (2000).

Excavations at Göbekli Tepe commenced in 1995, and meanwhile, the site is best known for its monumental round-oval buildings. Measuring between 10 and 30 m in diameter, these structures are...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joris Peters
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Klaus Schmidt
    • 3
  • Laura Dietrich
    • 3
    • 4
  • Oliver Dietrich
    • 3
  • Nadja Pöllath
    • 2
    • 5
  • Moritz Kinzel
    • 6
  • Lee Clare
    • 7
  1. 1.ArchaeoBioCenter and Department of Veterinary Sciences, Institute of Palaeoanatomy, Domestication Research and the History of Veterinary MedicineLMU MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Bavarian Natural History Collections, State Collection of Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy MunichMunichGermany
  3. 3.Orient DepartmentGerman Archaeological InstituteBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Prehistoric ArchaeologyFU BerlinBerlinGermany
  5. 5.ArchaeoBioCenter, LMU MunichMunichGermany
  6. 6.Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional StudiesUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  7. 7.Istanbul DepartmentGerman Archaeological InstituteBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Dorian Q. Fuller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK