Rock Art Sites: Management and Conservation

  • Johannes H. N. LoubserEmail author
Living reference work entry


Concomitant with an increase in site accessibility, digital availability of information, and concern by traditional stakeholders is an increase in the need for explicit management plans, thorough condition assessments, and, whenever necessary, hands-on conservation and maintenance of rock art sites. Significance values concerning rock art sites tend to vary; whereas traditional stakeholders normally value the spiritual aspects of places with rock art, researchers typically look for material samples suitable for physical analysis and dating, and public visitors and tourists mostly look for any destination that they expect to be aesthetically pleasing. Interactions by traditionalists, academics, and the visiting public with the rock surface, albeit in different ways and to different degrees, are adversely affecting the longevity of the rock art. Being fixed to the surrounding terrain on relatively hard and durable material, art on rock constitutes places that tend to survive...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stratum Unlimited, LLCJohns CreekUSA
  2. 2.Rock Art Research Institute at the University of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

Section editors and affiliations

  • Inés Domingo Sanz
    • 1
  • Danae Fiore
    • 2
  • Ewa Dutkiewicz
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Departament de Prehistòria, Història Antiga i ArqueologiaICREA/Universitat de Barcelona/SERPBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2."CONICET - AIA - UBA Asociación de Investigaciones Antropológicas"Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Stiftung Preußischer KulturbesitzBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary EcologyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany