Linearbandkeramik Site Excavation

  • Daniela HofmannEmail author
Living reference work entry

Introduction and Definition

The Linearbandkeramik (Linear Pottery culture, LBK) is the earliest Neolithic culture so far defined in Central Europe. At its maximum extent, it reaches from western Hungary (where it emerges around 5500 cal BCE) to the Paris Basin, into Ukraine, and as far as the Northern European Plain. The LBK is characterized by a distinctive style of pottery (with linear bands) and monumental wooden longhouses flanked by pits. Enclosures and burial grounds also occasionally occur. In the earliest phase (until about 5250 cal BCE), material culture is more uniform, but this gives way to increasing regionalization until the LBK is finally replaced by a series of successor cultures, a regionally varied process completed by about 4900 cal BCE.

Key Issues/Current Debates/Future Directions/Examples

Finding Sites

Most LBK sites are located on fertile loesssoils, on the terraces of river valleys. Loess is a wind-borne glacial sediment deposited during the Ice Age which turned...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and ReligionUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sandra Montón-Subías
    • 1
  • Bisserka Gaydarska
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament d’HumanitatsICREA/Universitat Pompeu FabraBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of ArchaeologyDurham UniversityDurhamUK