Conservation in Archaeological Practice

  • André BergeronEmail author
Living reference work entry


Archaeology, in itself a scientific discipline, often requires the expertise of other disciplines to help in the process of reconstructing past ways of life. According to ICOMOS’s Charter for Archaeological Heritage (1990), “Archaeological heritage constitutes the basic record of past human activities. The protection of this heritage cannot be based upon the application of archaeological techniques alone (and) should be based on an effective collaboration between specialists from many different disciplines.”

Whether dealing with recent history or prehistory, the contribution of related sciences such as biology, geology, geomorphology, metallurgy, and material science, to name only a few, needs no further proof. The archaeologist draws on all these disciplines to produce an overview that enhances the understanding of the history and evolution of a site. But despite this interdisciplinary approach, even today, conservators complain about the lack of integration of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Association Canadienne pour la Conservation et la Restauration/Canadian Association for Conservation. 2000. Code de déontologie et guide du praticien. 3rd ed. Ottawa: A.C.C.R.Google Scholar
  2. Berducou, M.C. 1990. La conservation en archéologie. Paris: Masson.Google Scholar
  3. Bergeron, A. 1994. Archéologie et conservation, convergence ou divergence? Vestiges archéologiques, la conservation in-situ. In Actes du deuxième colloque international de l’ICHAM, 315–322. Montréal: ICAHM.Google Scholar
  4. Bernier, M.-A., and A. Bergeron. 1999. Le sauvetage des vestiges d’un navire de la flotte de Phips: interventions de 1996–1997. Archéologiques 11–12: 97–102.Google Scholar
  5. Dowman, E.A. 1970. Conservation in field archaeology. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  6. ICOMOS. 1990. Charte internationale pour la gestion du patrimoine archéologique. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  7. Pearson, C. 1980. Conservation and maritime archaeology. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 9: 147–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Philipot, P. 1986. La conservation des œuvres d’art, problème de politique culturelle. ICCROM, Chronique 12: 2.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Bergeron, A. 2007. La restauration des céramiques archéologiques, quelques exemples du cheminement d’une pratique. Centre de conservation du Québec. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  2. Bergeron, A. 2013. Restauration et conservation archéologique; Quelle interaction avec l’archéologie? Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  3. Bergeron, A., and M. Balac. 2007a. La pirogue du lac Gour, une découverte majeure au Québec, Centre de conservation du Québec. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  4. Bergeron, A., and M. Balac. 2007b. The Lac Gour Dugout, A Major Quebec Discovery, Centre de conservation du Québec. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  5. Bergeron, A., and K. Morin. 2003. Conservation archéologique et patrimoine maritime: même combat! Archéologiques 1: 228–235.Google Scholar
  6. Bergeron, A., and F. Rémillard. 2000. L’archéologue et la conservation, Vade-mecum québécois. Québec: Centre de conservation du Québec.Google Scholar
  7. Bergeron, A., and F. Rémillard. 2012. Le traitement de conservation des embarcations du Musée de la civilisation, Vingt ans après, Centre de conservation du Québec. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  8. Bergeron, A., B. Daux, J. Dendy, A. Lalande, K. Morin, and F. Rémillard. 2015. La conservation archéologique, Réseau Archéo-Québec. Available at Accessed 17 May 2017. (English version of this thematic file) available at Accessed 17 May 2017.
  9. Pearson, C. 1977. On-site conservation requirements for marine archaeological excavations. International Journal of Nautical and Underwater Exploration 6: 37–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Archaeology and EthnologyCentre de conservation du QuébecQCCanada