Tenochtitlan (Aztec): Geography and Culture

  • Lilia Lizama Aranda
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_1677-2

The terms “geography” and “culture” for the people of Tenochtitlan entail the development of a culture whose diversity and richness in ecosystems, species, and genes is derived from climatic, geologic, and relief conditions. Developing an identity according to the resources in which it takes place therefore is an argument based on interpretation of a culture on the basis of concepts and ideas that may belong to another culture being used to interpret this one. Therefore, the names used by authors – such as gods, empires, or nobility – might be not right. Nonetheless, authors have strived to become quite objective for their interpretations, yet have to rely on this use. We owe the peoples of this valley, the geography, and thereby their gods, for leaving behind a legacy to be learned, yet to be understood (aside from simple concepts), and yet to be compared with one another.


According to Flores Garcia, consideration of the Aztec culture – when it is about power and law –...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. De Sahagun, F.B. 1969. Historia general de cosas de Nueva EspaNu (SA. Biblioteca 8, 2). Mexico: Editorial Porrua.Google Scholar
  2. Boutorini, C. 1969. Tira de la Peregrinacion en Antiguedades de Mexico. Basada en la recopilación de Lord Kinsborough, vol. 2. México: Secretaria de Hacienda y Credito Publico.Google Scholar
  3. Chimalpopoca, C. 1975. Anales de Cuautitlan y leyenda de los soles. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico/Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas.Google Scholar
  4. Corona, E. S. 1981. La importancia de la Coyolxauhqui en la historia e ideologia Mexica (Boletin de la Escuela de Ciencias Antropologicas de la Universidad de Yucatan). Boletin Bimestral September-December 3(50): 51.Google Scholar
  5. de Sahagún, Bernardino. 2005. Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España. Revista de Geografía [online]. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=75703409. Accessed 2 Jan 2018. ISSN: 0186–4394.
  6. Duran, F. D. 1967. Historia de las Indias de la Nueva España e Islas de Tierra Firme, vol. 2, ed. Garibay Angel M. Mexico: Porrúa.Google Scholar
  7. Flores Garcia, F. 1956. La Administracion de Justicia en Mexico en la Epoca Precolonial. en Boletín del Instituto de Derecho Comparado de México, año IX, núm, vol. 27. México: UNAM.Google Scholar
  8. Flores García, Fernando. 1980. Algunos Aspectos de la Organización Judicial Azteca en: Memoria del II Congreso de Historia del Derecho México, ed. Fernández Soberanes, José Luís Coord, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas. Serie C, Estudios Históricos Núm 10: 41–48.Google Scholar
  9. Hofstadter, D. 2005. The Aztecs: blood and glory. Smithsonian Magazine. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-aztecs-blood-and-glory-81378723/. Accessed Jan 2017.
  10. Marcus, J. 2000. Los calendarios prehispánicos. Arqueologia Mexicana VII(41): 15.Google Scholar
  11. Miller, M. and K. Taube. 1993. An illustrated dictionary of the gods and symbols of ancient Mexico and the Maya. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  12. Ramirez, C. 1975. Relacion del origen de los Indios que habitan esta Nueva España, según sus historias. México: Edit. Porrúa/Biblioteca Porrúa.Google Scholar
  13. Romero Vargas Yturbide, I. 1959. Las instituciones. In Esplendor del México Antiguo, vol. II, 729–776. México: Centro de Investigaciones Antropológicas de México.Google Scholar
  14. Tezozomoc, F.A. 1975. Cronica Mexicayotol. Mexico: Instituto de Investigaciones Historicas/UNAM.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lilia Lizama Aranda
    • 1
  1. 1.Manejo Cultural Research Center, Faculty of Anthropological SciencesUniversity of Quintana RooPuerto MorelosMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium