Cultural Heritage Management and Maritime Law

  • Craig ForrestEmail author
Living reference work entry


The management of submerged cultural heritage is not only difficult because of the nature of the marine environment but especially so because this environment is subject to a very different regulatory regime to that applicable on land. It is subject to “maritime law.” This potentially impacts on every aspect of cultural heritage management the further out to sea the heritage lies.


In a very broad sense, “maritime law” is composed of two separate bodies of law: admiralty law (largely of a private law nature) and the law of the sea (public law). These bodies of law, together with a third body of law – cultural heritage law – intersect and potentially apply to cultural heritage that lies below the low-water mark. All three of these bodies of law are underpinned by an international law framework, though this is interpreted, implemented, and supplemented by differing national perspectives, making the management of underwater cultural heritage particularly...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Further Reading

  1. Aznar, M. 2014. The contiguous zone as an archaeological maritime zone. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 29: 1–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dromgoole, S. 2010. Revisiting the relationship between marine scientific research and the underwater cultural heritage. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 25: 33–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Droomgoole, S., ed. 2006. Legal protection of the underwater cultural heritage: National and international perspectives. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Droomgoole, S. 2013a. Underwater cultural heritage and international law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Droomgoole, S. 2013b. Reflections on the position of the major maritime powers with respect to the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001. Marine Policy 38: 116–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Forrest, C. 2002. New international regime for the protection of underwater cultural heritage. International and Comparative Law Quarterly 51: 511–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Forrest, C. 2010. International law and the protection of cultural heritage. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Garabello, R., and T. Scovazzi. 2003. The protection of underwater cultural heritage: Before and after the 2001 UNESCO Convention. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. O’Keefe, P. 2014. Shipwrecked heritage: A commentary on the UNESCO Convention on Underwater Cultural Heritage. 2nd ed. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law.Google Scholar
  10. Prott, L.V., ed. 2006. Finishing the interrupted voyage: Papers of the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Workshop on the 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law.Google Scholar
  11. Williams, M. 2001. Protecting maritime military remains: A new regime for the United Kingdom. International Maritime Law 8: 288–301.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine and Shipping Law Unit, TC Beirne School of LawUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thanik Lertcharnrit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologySilpakorn UniversityBangkokThailand