From Pilot Project to Permanent Status: Community Colleges in Vietnam

Reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)

Abstract

The primary goal of this chapter is to trace the evolution of the community college concept in Vietnam in light of local demand, national goals and global trends. Emphasis is placed on how Vietnam’s adaptation of a community college model meets the economic needs of a country in transition while also preserving its cultural identity and social values. It is the strategic relevance of these institutions in Vietnam’s changing economic structure that is of significance to “Vietnamize” elements borrowed from foreign systems of thought while maintaining Vietnamese traditions. Drawing from the personal experiences of one co-author, interviews with key stakeholders and document analysis, the authors aim to explore and contextualize how Vietnam’s community colleges have managed the forces of globalization.

Keywords

Vietnam Community colleges Higher education 

References

  1. Anh, Ha. 2016. The most alarming issue is the higher/tertiary education quality. Vietnamnet.com.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13810.
  2. Anh, Ngan and Le Huyen. 2016. The junior colleges: Where students for them to train? Vietnamnet.com.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13810.
  3. Ashwill, Mark. 2006. Vietnam today: Guide to a nation at a crossroads. Boston: Intercultural Press.Google Scholar
  4. Association of Vietnam Universities and Colleges. 2016. Petition letter submitted to Prime Minister regarding MOET’s second draft of national structure of education and training system in Vietnam.  https://doi.org/10.3727/096368916X691457.
  5. de Geoje, Peter. 2012. With solidarity greeting – Technical and scientific aid to Vietnam, 1971–2011 (Mai Van Tinh, Trans). Hanoi: Vietnam National University.Google Scholar
  6. Brint, Steven, and Jerome Karabel. 1989. The diverted dream: Community colleges and the promise of educational opportunity in America, 1900–1985. New York: Oxford University Press.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01532992.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, Burton R. 1960. The ‘Cool-ing Out’ function in higher education. American Journal of Sociology 65 (6): 569–576.  https://doi.org/10.1086/222787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Collins, Christopher S., and Robert A. Rhoads. 2010. The World Bank, support for universities, and asymmetrical power relations in international development. Higher Education 59 (2): 181–205.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-009-9242-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Du, Huynh The. 2016, Sept 30. Interpretation of socialist oriented market economy in Vietnam. In Proceedings of the modern ideologies in economic and governance & the application for Vietnam after joining AEC and TPP (p. 47–50). Edited by Nguyen Trung Hung and Jeng-Chung Victor Chen. Ho Chi Minh City.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9110865.
  10. Epperson, Cindy. 2010. An Analysis of the Community College Concept in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://apps.umsl.edu/webapps/weboffice/ETD/query.cfm?id=r4941.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02886.x.
  11. Harvard Kennedy School Vietnam Program. 2010, July. Beyond the apex: Toward a system level approach to higher education reform in Vietnam. Retrieved from http://www.ash.harvard.edu/extension/ash/docs/beyondtheapex.pdf.
  12. Jamieson, Neil. 1995. Understanding Vietnam. London: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  13. Intarakumnerd, Tanom. 2012. The development of community college system in Thailand. In International Perspectives on Education and Society. Edited by Alexander Wiseman, Emerald Insight.  https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-3679(2012)0000017018.
  14. Khe, Do Ba. 1970. The Community College Concept: A Study of its Relevance to Post-war Reconstruction in Vietnam (Doctoral dissertation). Los Angeles: University of Southern California.Google Scholar
  15. Khe, Do Ba. 1992. The difficult path toward an integrated university and community college system in Vietnam. Retrieved from http://www.kieumauthuduc.org/backup/images/KMTD_Docs/HigherEducation_DoBaKhe.pdf.
  16. Lam, Dang Ba, and Nguyen Huy Vi. 2009. The development of the community college model in Vietnam in the time of Country’s reorganization and international integration. In Community college models: Globalization and higher education reform, ed. Rosalind L. Raby and Edward J. Valeau, 91–110. Doretch: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lan, Vu. 2015, Nov 11. Human resources of Vietnam before the integration threshold. Nhan Dan. Retrieved from http://www.nhandan.org.vn/.
  18. Marklein, Mary Beth. 2009, Sept 24. Vietnam, other nations look to U.S. style community colleges. USA TODAY. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-09-23-vietnam-community-college_N.htm.  https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00389-09.
  19. Mok, Ka Ho. 2007. Questing for internationalization of universities in Asia: Critical reflections. Journal of Studies in International Education 11 (3–4): 433–454.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315306291945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ngo, Thanh Minh, Bob Lingard, and Jane Mitchell. 2006. The policy cycle and vernacular globalization: A case study of the creation of Vietnam National University – Ho Chi Minh City. Comparative Education 42 (2): 225–242.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03050060600628082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nguyen, Thi Kim Quy. 2011. Globalization and higher education in Vietnam. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 23 (1/2): 117–136.Google Scholar
  22. Oliver, Diane. 2009. Globalization of higher education and community colleges in Vietnam. In Community college models: Globalization and higher education reform, ed. Rosalind L. Raby and Edward J. Valeau, 197–218. Doretch: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2008.02642.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Raby, Rosalind Latner. 2008. Defining the community college model. In Community college models: Globalization and higher education reform, ed. Rosalind L. Raby and Edward J. Valeau, 3–20. Doretch: Springer.Google Scholar
  24. Raby, Rosalind Latiner. 2009. Defining the Community College Model. In Community college models: Globalization and higher education reform. ed. Rosalind Latiner Raby and Edward Valeau, 1–22. Dordrecht: Springer Publishers.Google Scholar
  25. Shin, Jung Cheol. 2013. Higher education development in East Asian countries focusing on cultural tradition and economic systems. In The dynamics of higher education development in East Asia, ed. Deane Neubauer, Jung Cheol Shin, and John N. Hawkins, 11–27. New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.  https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137347374_2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 1995. Report by the government of Vietnam to the sectoral aid coordination meeting on education. Hanoi: Author.  https://doi.org/10.1002/arch.940290202.Google Scholar
  27. Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 2016. Report of the Party’s XIth-tenure central committee. Hanoi: Author.  https://doi.org/10.3727/096368916X691457.Google Scholar
  28. Tran, Ly Thi, and Simon Marginson. 2014. Education for flexibility, practicality and mobility. In Higher education in Vietnam: Flexibility, mobility and practicality in the global knowledge economy, ed. Ly Thi Tran, Simon Marginson, et al. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2014.08.043.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ty, Hoang Xuan. 2016. Closing speech of MOLISA vice minister. Viet Nam Association of Community Colleges Congress meeting, Hanoi.Google Scholar
  30. Vaira, Massimiliano. 2004. Globalization and higher education organizational change: A framework for analysis. Higher Education 48(4): 483–510.  https://doi.org/10.1023/B:HIGH.0000046711.31908.e5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vallely, Thomas J., and Ben Wilkinson. 2008. Vietnamese higher education: Crisis and response. Memorandum to higher education task force. Cambridge, MA: Ash Institute for Democratic Government and Innovation, Harvard Kenny School. Retrieved from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/innovations/asia/Documents/HigherEducationOverview112008.pdf.
  32. Van Tinh, Mai. 2016. Comparative study of the youth education systems in the world during the past 100 years. In Experience of foreign countries in internationalization of higher education application for Vietnam within integration progress. Thai Nguyen Province: Thai Nguyen University press.Google Scholar
  33. Vietnam Association of Community Colleges. 2016. Retrieved from http://vacc.org.vn/?lang=2.  https://doi.org/10.3727/096368916X691457
  34. World Bank, Development Research Centre of the State Council of China. 2013. China 2030: Building a Modern, Harmonius, and Creative Society. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  35. World Economic Forum. 2016. The ASEAN economic community: What you need to know. Retrieved from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/05/asean-economic-community-what-you-need-to-know.  https://doi.org/10.3727/096368916X691457.
  36. Yang, Rui. 2016. Cultural challenges facing East Asian higher education: A preliminary assessment. In Handbook of Asian Higher Education, ed. Christopher Collins, Molly N.N. Lee, John N. Hawkins, and Deane Neubauer. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  37. Zha, Qiang, Jinghuan Shi, and Xiaoyang Wang. 2016. Is there an alternative university model? The debate around the Chinese model of the university. In Handbook of the Sociology of Higher Education, ed. James Côté and Andy Furlong, 273–285. Milton Park: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.George Mason UniversityVAUSA
  2. 2.Higher Education Department in Ministry of Education and Training (MOET); Policy Research and Analysis Department of the Association of Vietnamese Universities (AVU&C)HanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations