Advertisement

Toilet Training and Bladder Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • Puneeta Ramachandra
  • T. Ernesto Figueroa
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Patients with cerebral palsy often have changes to their urinary tract function. This can lead to significant morbidity over a lifetime. The etiology of urinary tract dysfunction is multifactorial and complex. Understanding and managing urinary tract symptoms can have a huge impact on health and quality of life for patients and caregivers.

Keywords

Toilet training Urinary tract Urodynamics Incontinence Constipation 

References

  1. Brodak PP, Scherz HC, Packer MG (1994) Is urinary tract screening necessary for patients with cerebral palsy? J Urol 152(5 Pt 1):1586–1587CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chiu PK, Yam KY, Lam TY et al (2014) Does selective dorsal rhizotomy improve bladder function in children with cerebral palsy? Int Urol Nephrol 46(10):1929–1933CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Decter RM, Bauer SB, Khoshbin S et al (1987) Urodynamic assessment of children with cerebral palsy. J Urol 138(4 Pt 2):1110–1112CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gündoğdu G, Kömür M, Avlan D et al (2013) Relationship of bladder dysfunction with upper urinary tract deterioration in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Urol 9(5):659–664CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Houle AM, Vernet O, Jednak R et al (1998) Bladder function before and after selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Urol 160(3 Pt 2):1088–1091CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Karaman MI, Kaya C, Caskurlu T (2005) Urodynamic findings in children with cerebral palsy. Int J Urol 12(8):717–720CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Mayo ME (1992) Lower urinary tract dysfunction in cerebral palsy. J Urol 147(2):419–420CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Murphy KP, Boutin SA, Ide KR (2012) Cerebral palsy, neurogenic bladder, and outcomes of lifetime care. Dev Med Child Neurol 54(10):945–950CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Ozturk M, Oktem F, Kisioglu N et al (2006) Bladder and bowel control in children with cerebral palsy: case-control study. Croat Med J 47(2):264–270PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Roijen LE, Postema K, Limbeek VJ et al (2001) Development of bladder control in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 43(2):103–107CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Samijn B, Van Laecke E, Renson C et al (2017a) Lower urinary tract symptoms and urodynamic findings in children and adults with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Neurourol Urodyn 36(3):541–549CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Samijn B, Van den Broeck C, Deschepper E et al (2017b) Risk factors for daytime or combined incontinence in children with cerebral palsy. J Urol 198(4):937–943CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Stadtler AC, Gorski PA, Brazelton TB (1999) Toilet training methods, clinical interventions, and recommendations. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 103(6 Pt 2):1359–1368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Steinbok P, Schrag C (1998) Complications after selective posterior rhizotomy for spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Pediatr Neurosurg 28(6):300–313CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Wein AJ (2012) Pathophysiology and classification of lower urinary tract dysfunction: overview. In: Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, Partin AW, Peters CA (eds) Campbell-Walsh urology, 10th edn. Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp 1834–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of SurgeryNemours/Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Urology and PediatricsSidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Freeman Miller
    • 1
  • Steven Bachrach
    • 2
  1. 1.AI DuPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Al duPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations