Biofuels (Butanol-Ethanol Production)

Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

Petroleum-based motor fuels generally consist of hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon fragments. This chemical functionality provides the fuel with a high energy density and a relatively low boiling point, viscosity, and vapor pressure. The premium petroleum fuels are isooctane and hexadecane for spark ignition and diesel engines, respectively. Conventional biofuels differ chemically, but new biofuels that are currently under development more resemble their petroleum counterparts. Current biofuels are principally ethanol and alkanoic acid methyl esters, or biodiesel. The next generation of biofuels will likely have a higher proportion of hydrocarbon fragments than ethanol. These include higher alcohols, ethers, alkanes, and alkenes.

References

  1. Albro PW, Dittmer JC (1969) The biochemistry of long-chain, nonisoprenoid hydrocarbons. IV. Characteristics of synthesis by cell-free preparation of Sarcina lutea. Biochemistry 8:3317–3324CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC (2008) Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels. Nature 431:86–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eggeman T, Verser D (2006) The importance of utility systems in today’s biorefineries and a vision for tomorrow. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 129–132:361–381CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gorgen G, Boland W (1989) Biosynthesis of 1-alkenes in higher plants: stereochemical implications. A model study with Carthamus tinctorius (Asteraceae). Eur J Biochem 185:237–242CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kalscheuer R, Stolting T, Steinbuchel A (2006) Microdiesel: Escherichia coli engineered for fuel production. Microbiology 152:2529–2536CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ladygina N, Dedyukhina EG, Vainshtein MB (2006) A review on microbial synthesis of hydrocarbons. Process Biochem 41:1001–1014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Park MO (2005) New pathway for long-chain n-alkane synthesis via 1-alcohol in Vibrio furnissii M1. J Bacteriol 187:1426–1429CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Park MO, Tanabe M, Hirata K, Miyamoto K (2001) Isolation and characterization of a bacterium that produces hydrocarbons extracellularly which are equivalent to light oil. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 56:448–452CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Ragauskas AJ, Williams CK, Davison BH, Britovsek G, Cairney J, Eckert CA, Frederick WJ Jr, Hallett JP, Leak DJ, Liotta CL, Mielenz JR, Murphy R, Templer R, Tschaplinski T (2006) The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials. Science 311:484–489CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Roman-Leshkov Y, Barrett CJ, Liu ZY, Dumesic JA (2007) Production of dimethylfuran for liquid fuels from biomass-derived carbohydrate. Nature 447:982–985CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Wackett LP (2008) Biomass to fuels via microbial transformations. Curr Opin Chem Biol 12:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wackett LP, Frias J, Seffernick J, Sukovich D, Cameron S (2007) Vibrio furnissii M1: genomic and biochemical studies demonstrating the absence of an alkane-producing phenotype. Appl Environ Microbiol 73:7192–7198CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics and BioTechnology InstituteUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

Personalised recommendations