First-Principles Modeling of Interface Effects in Oxides

  • Alexander A. DemkovEmail author
  • Kurt D. Fredrickson
  • Hosung Seo
  • Andrew O’Hara
Living reference work entry


This work is an attempt to provide a self-contained introduction to the field of atomic modeling of oxide interfaces, focusing primarily on the first-principles modeling techniques based on density functional theory. By way of introduction, a brief description of common oxides and their technological applications are included. We then discuss the first principles methods that have proven effective in dealing with oxide-based interface problems, including common techniques of building structural models. Examples of validating the atomistic model of an interface experimentally are given along with predictions of interface properties. We conclude with a brief summary of the field and the remaining challenges it faces.



We thank Agham Posadas for many insightful discussions and critical reading of the manuscript. This work is supported in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Grants FA9550–12–10494 and FA9550-18-1-0053. Hosung Seo was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2018R1C1B6008980).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander A. Demkov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kurt D. Fredrickson
    • 2
  • Hosung Seo
    • 3
  • Andrew O’Hara
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsThe University of TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Patterson+Sheridan LLCSan JoseUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsAjou UniversitySuwonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Physics and AstronomyVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Cesare Franchini
    • 1
  • Bilge Yildiz
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Physics and Center for Computational Materials ScienceUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Materials Science and EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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