Paeonia tenuifolia L. Paeoniaceae

  • Naiba Mehdiyeva
  • Valida Alizade
  • Narel Y. Paniagua Zambrana
  • Rainer W. BussmannEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the European Ethnobotany book series (EUROETH)

Local Names

Azerbaijan: Daryarpaq pion; English: Peony.

Botany and Ecology

Shrubs or perennial herbs, to 3.5 m tall. Roots fleshy, thick but attenuate toward tip, or tuberous. Stems (in herbs) or current year’s branchlets (in shrubs) terete, with several persistent scales at base. Leaves alternate, compound; proximal 1–3 best developed, 1–3-ternate or 1- or 2-pinnate; leaflets entire or divided. Flowers solitary and terminal, or 2 or more per shoot and both terminal and axillary, more than 4 cm in diam. Bracts 1–6, leaf like, varying in shape and size, grading into sepals. Sepals 2–9, varying in shape and size. Petals 4–13, varying in color. Stamens up to 230; filaments and anthers varying in color. Disc leathery or fleshy, annular (in herbs) or extended into a sheath and 1/3 to wholly enveloping carpels (in shrubs). Carpels 1–5(8), free, glabrous or hairy; ovules numerous, borne in two rows along ventral suture. Styles present or absent; stigmas laterally flattened, recurved, crested....


  1. Damirov IA, Prilipko LI. Shukurov DZ, Kerimov YB. Medicinal plants of Azerbaijan. Baku: Maaraif; 1988 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Flora of Azerbaijan, vols. I–VIII. Baku: AS of Azerbaijani SSR; 1950–1961 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naiba Mehdiyeva
    • 1
  • Valida Alizade
    • 1
  • Narel Y. Paniagua Zambrana
    • 2
  • Rainer W. Bussmann
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Botany Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Instituto de Ecología-UMSAHerbario Nacional de BoliviaLa PazBolivia
  3. 3.William L. Brown CenterMissouri Botanical GardenSt. LouisUSA

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