Matrix and Arrows in Integrative Systemic Therapy
The interrelated concepts of the Matrix and the Arrows in Integrative Problem Centered Therapy – IPCT (Pinsof 1983, 1995) and more recently in Integrative Systemic Therapy –IST (Pinsof et al. 2017) serve to organize the structural (matrix) and dynamic (arrow) relationships between therapeutic models and modalities in integrative psychotherapy. After defining and differentiating therapeutic models and modalities, this entry describes and explains the matrix and the arrows.
Psychotherapeutic Models and Modalities
A therapeutic model is characterized by a theory of problem formation or maintenance and a theory of problem resolution. For instance, in terms of problem maintenance, object relations theory asserts that people have problems because they maladaptively transfer their disordered object relations from childhood to their current “attached” relationships. In terms of problem resolution, the client’s internalized map of interpersonal relationships needs to be understood...
- Breunlin, D. C., Schwartz, R. C., & Mac Kune-Karrer, B. (1992). Metaframeworks: Transcending the models of family therapy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Breunlin, D. C., Schwartz, R. C., & Mac Kune-Karrer, B. (1997). Metaframeworks: Transcending the models of family therapy (Revised ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Theories of psychotherapy. Emotion-focused therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Pinsof, W. M. (1983). Integrative problem centered therapy: Toward the synthesis of family and individual psychotherapies. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9, 19–35. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.1983.tb01481.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pinsof, W. M. (1995). Integrative problem-centered therapy: A synthesis of family, individual, and biological therapies. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Pinsof, W. M., Breunlin, D. C., Russell, W. P., Lebow, J. L., Rampage, C., & Chambers, A. L. (2017). Integrative systemic therapy: Metraframeworks for problem solving with individuals, couples and families. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.Google Scholar
- Russell, W. P., Pinsof, W. M., Breunlin, D. C., & Lebow, J. L. (2016). Integrative problem centered metaframeworks (IPCM) therapy. In T. L. Sexton & J. Lebow (Eds.), Handbook of family therapy (4th ed., pp. 530–544). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar