Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Leff, Julian

  • Martha Hernández
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_764


Julian Leff, M.D.


Dr. Leff has been an integral component to the expansion of research in the fields of social psychiatry and psychology. He has focused on expressed emotion, the attitudes and behaviors an individual conveys towards a family member diagnosed with schizophrenia. More specficially his research focuses on expressed emotion among families with a member diagnosed with schizophrenia, differences in culture and how it pertains to expressed emotion, relapse prevention, and depression. Dr. Leff, together with Christine Vaughn, created a shorter version of the Camberwell Family Interview in an effort to assess for expressed emotion in a shorter amount of time. Most recently his research includes the use and development of Avatar Therapy to decrease auditory hallucinations among those with schizophrenia.


Dr. Leff is a psychiatrist, trained at University College London. He then went to train at the Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College. He is currently...

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  1. Bhugra, D., Kamaldeep, B., Mallet, R., Desai, M., Singh, J., & Leff, J. (1999). Cultural identity and its measurement: A questionnaire for Asians. International Review of Psychiatry, 11, 244–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhugra, D., Leff, J., Mallett, R., Morgan, C., & Zhao, J. H. (2010). The culture and identity schedule a measure of cultural affiliation: Acculturation, marginalization and schizophrenia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 56(5), 540–556.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Leff, J. (1976). Schizophrenia and sensitivity to the family environment. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2(4), 566–674.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Leff, J., & Vaughn, C. (1985). Expressed emotions in families: It’s significance for mental illness. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  5. Leff, J., & Warner, R. (2006). Social inclusion of people with mental illness. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Rus-Calafell, M., Garety, P., Ward, T., Williams, G., Huckvale, M., Leff, J., & Craig, T. (2015). Confronting auditory hallucinations using virtual reality: The avatar therapy. Annual Review of Cybertherapy and Telemedicine, 13, 192–196.Google Scholar
  8. Sartorius, N., Leff, J., Lopez-Ibor, J. J., Maj, M., & Okasha, A. (Eds.). (2005). Families and mental disorders: From burden to empowerment. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Vaughn, C., & Leff, J. (1976). The measurement of expressed emotion in the families of psychiatric patients. British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 15(2), 157–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha Hernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Family Support Services at Ronald McDonald House at StanfordPalo AltoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  • Diana Semmelhack
    • 2
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Midwestern UniversityDowners GroveUSA