Precontemplation in Couple and Family Therapy
Low readiness to change; Resistant; Unmotivated
Introduction and Theoretical Context
Stages of change represent a series of steps and tasks that assist in understanding the multidimensional nature of the process of intentional behavior change. According to the transtheoretical model (TTM), the process begins with an individual in precontemplation (not considering change) through contemplation (decision making), preparation (planning and committing), and action (making the change) to reach maintenance where the new behavior is sustained and integrated into one’s life (Prochaska and DiClemente 1984). When individuals in couples and family therapy need to make changes in behaviors, the stages can be helpful for understanding their readiness and motivation. Thus, assessing stage status enables therapists to match their approaches to meet the needs of clients in different stages. However, motivation may differ for different members of the couple or family system. Often family...
- Jacobson, N. S., & Christensen, A. (1998). Acceptance and change in couple therapy: A therapist’s guide to transforming relationships. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2013). Motivational interviewing: Helping people change (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar