Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Bonds in Couple and Family Therapy

  • Andrew S. BrimhallEmail author
  • David M. Haralson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_513

Name of Concept

Bond

Synonyms

Alliance; Attachment; Link; Tie

Introduction

Bond is an emotional attachment between one or more individuals. To be considered an attachment bond, the relationship must have four defining characteristics: proximity maintenance, separation distress, safe haven, and secure base. Relationships may have some of these characteristics (referred to as affiliative bonds) but to be classified as an attachment bond, all four must be present.

Theoretical Context for Concept

Psychologist John Bowlby (1958) was one of the first to formally study the concept of an attachment bond. According to Bowlby, children instinctively form emotional attachments to their caregivers in order to obtain a sense of safety. Other theorists have built upon Bowlby’s original ideas by distinguishing between different attachment styles and by applying attachment bonds to adult and professional relationships (i.e., romantic relationships and therapist-client alliance) (Cassidy and Shaver 2008...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226–244.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child’s tie to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 350–373.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of attachment theory: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Davis, S. D., Lebow, J. L., & Sprenkle, D. H. (2012). Common factors of change in couple therapy. Behavior Therapy, 43(1), 36–48.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2011.01.009.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Farnfield, S., & Holmes, P. (2014). The routledge handbook of attachment: Assessment. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511–524.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Johnson, S. M. (2004). The practice of emotionally focused couple therapy: Creating connection (2nd ed.). New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rachel Diamond
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Saint JosephWest HarfordUSA