Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Divorced Families

  • Lee J. DixonEmail author
  • Sarah A. Wilhoit
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_484

Introduction

Given the prevalence of divorce in most countries, and the fact that the dissolution of a marriage often involves the entire family, it is important to have an understanding of the potential impact of divorce. Although divorce is usually related to detrimental experiences for both couples and their children, this is not true in all cases. As is outlined below, research in this area has shone a light on for whom divorce has a more negative impact and for whom the opposite may be true. Given the ubiquity of divorce, it is imperative that we understand its causes and influences and develop therapies and interventions that can help to lessen the negative consequences it can have on families. This entry will introduce the reader to each of these three areas of study.

Description

Although divorce rates in the United States peaked in the 1980s, they are still a very frequent occurrence, with the crude rate in 2012 being reported to be nearly three divorces per year per 1000...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Amato, P. R. (2003). Reconciling divergent perspectives: Judith Wallerstein, quantitative family research, and children of divorce. Family Relations, 52, 332–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amato, P. R., & DeBoer, D. D. (2001). The transmission of marital instability across generations: Relationship skills or commitment to marriage? Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 1038–1051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amato, P. R., & Keith, B. (1991). Parental divorce and the well-being of children: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 26–46.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Amato, P. R., & Previti, D. (2003). People’s reasons for divorcing: Gender, social class, the life course, and adjustment. Journal of Family Issues, 24(5), 602–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Braver, S. L., Shapiro, J. R., & Goodman, M. (2006). The consequences of divorce for parents. In M. A. Fine & J. H. Harvey (Eds.), Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution (pp. 313–337). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  6. Bumpass, L. (1990). What’s happening to the family? Interactions between demographic and institutional change. Demography, 27(4), 483–498.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Dohrenwend, B. S., & Dohrenwend, B. P. (1974). Stressful life events: Their nature and effects. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Doss, B. D., Simpson, L. E., & Christensen, A. (2004). Why do couples seek marital therapy? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 35, 608–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Glenn, N. D., & Kramer, K. B. (1985). The psychological well-being of adult children of divorce. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 47, 905–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gottman, J. M., & Notarius, C. I. (2000). Decade review: Observing marital interaction. Journal of Marriage And the Family, 62(4), 927–947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hanson, T. L., McLanahan, S. S., & Thomson, E. (1997). Economic resources, parental practices, and children’s well-being. In G. J. Duncan & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 190–238). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  12. Hetherington, E. M., & Kelly, J. (2002). For better or worse. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  13. Kitson, G. C. (1992). Portrait of divorce: Adjustment to marital breakdown. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  14. Lebow, J. L. (2015). Separation and divorce issues in couple therapy. In A. S. Gurman, J. L. Lebow, D. K. Snyder, A. S. Gurman, J. L. Lebow, & D. K. Snyder (Eds.), Clinical handbook of couple therapy (5th ed., pp. 445–463). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lucas, R. E. (2005). Time does not heal all wounds: A longitudinal study of reaction and adaptation to divorce. Psychological Science, 16, 945–950.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. National Center for Health Statistics. (2015). National marriage and divorce rate trends (Retrieved September 3, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/marriage_divorce_tables.htm).
  17. Orbuch, T. L., Veroff, J., Hassan, H., & Horrocks, J. (2002). Who will divorce: A 14-year longitudinal study of Black couples and White couples. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 19(2), 179–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2015). SF 3.1. Marriage and divorce rates (Retrieved September 3, 2016, from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs: http://www.oecd.org/social/family/database.htm).
  19. Oswald, R. F., & Clausell, E. (2006). Same-sex relationships and their dissolution. In M. A. Fine & J. H. Harvey (Eds.), Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution (pp. 499–514). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  20. Rodrigues, A. E., Hall, J. H., & Fincham, F. D. (2006). What predicts divorce and relationship dissolution? In M. A. Fine & J. H. Harvey (Eds.), Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution (pp. 85–112). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  21. Schramm, D. (2006). Individual and social costs of divorce in Utah. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 27, 133–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sun, Y. (2001). Family environment and adolescents’ well-being before and after parents’ marital disruption: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 697–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. White, L. (1991). Determinants of divorce: A review of research in the eighties. In A. Booth (Ed.), Contemporary families: Looking forward, looking back (pp. 141–149). Minneapolis: National Council on Family Relations.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DaytonDaytonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mudita Rastogi
    • 1
  1. 1.Illinois School of Professional Psychology, Argosy UniversitySchaumburgUSA