Negative Reinforcement in Social Learning Theory
Name of Strategy
Negative reinforcement in social learning theory
Negative reinforcement in social learning theory is defined as the removal of an aversive stimulus to aid in the promotion of a specific behavior (Bandura 1977). The removal of an irritant stimulus trains a person to learn that their completion of a particular behavior will cause the irritant to be extinguished, or forgo introduction into the situation, thus creating a favorable outcome for the person. It is important to distinguish that negative reinforcement is different from punishment, in that it is designed to increase the probability of the behavior occurring in future scenarios that meet the situational requirements of the initial learning experience.
Negative reinforcement was first described in B.F. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning, as a mechanism of strengthening the behavior by stopping, removing, or avoiding a negative stimulus (Skinner 1976). In social learning...
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