Bipolar Disorder in Couple and Family Therapy
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe psychological disorder characterized by symptoms of mania. The diagnostic system of the American Psychiatric Association recognizes three major forms of bipolar disorder, all defined by manic symptoms of varying severity and duration (American Psychiatric Association 2013). Bipolar I disorder is defined by at least one lifetime episode of mania and may include episodes of depression. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by both hypomania and major depressive episodes. Cyclothymic disorder is defined by high and low moods that are present at least 50% of the time for more than 2 years but do not fulfill diagnostic criteria for mania or hypomania. Mania and hypomania, in turn, are defined as an elevated or irritable mood accompanied by an increase in energy that involves three of nine additional symptoms, such as decreased need for sleep, increased goal-directed activity, flight of ideas, and pressured speech (American Psychiatric...
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