Positive and Negative Quality of Marriage Scale
Name and Type of Measure
The Positive and Negative Quality in Marriage Scale (PANQIMS; Fincham & Linfield, 1997) is a self-report measure that elicits global evaluations of a spouse’s positive and negative attitudes about their spouse and their marriage.
The factors that make an intimate relationship happy are distinct from the factors that make a relationship distressed. This can be observed empirically, such as through factor analytic findings that show separate positive and negative dimensions underlie relationship functioning (Orden & Bradburn, 1968). Despite variability in what determines these fluctuations in relationship quality, how favorably an individual evaluates his or her relationship is the ultimate criterion by which relationship quality is measured. Some researchers consider the satisfaction, adjustment, health, and well-being of intimate relationships to be the same construct.
Accordingly, there are several measures of relationship...
- Osgood, C. E., Suci, G. J., & Tannenbaum, P. H. (1957). The measurement of meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar