Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Circle of Security: “Understanding Attachment in Couples and Families”

  • Deidre QuinlanEmail author
  • Mary Ann Marchel
  • Glen Cooper
  • Kent Hoffman
  • Bert Powell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_37

No variables have more far reaching effects on personality development than a child’s experiences within the family. Starting during his first months in his relations to both parents, he builds up internal working models of how attachment figures are likely to behave towards him in any of a variety of situations, and on all those models are based all his expectations, and therefore, all his plans, for the rest of his life.

John Bowlby (1973), Attachment and Loss

Name of Concept

Attachment and Circle of Security

Introduction

Attachment plays a powerful role in shaping families and intimate relationships and in determining the emotional health of the developing child. Attachment relationships develop from birth, and these early care experiences with primary caregivers shape one’s responses to important relationships throughout the lifespan. As attachment theorist and clinician John Bowlby (1953) envisioned more than 50 years ago, children create internal working models of themselves and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Ainsworth, M. D., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  2. Bowlby, J. (1953). Child care and the growth of love. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  3. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1. Attachment. London: Hogarth.Google Scholar
  4. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Cassidy, J., & Mohr, J. (2001). Unsolvable fear, trauma, and psychopathology: theory, research, and clinical considerations related to disorganized attachment across the life span. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 275–298.Google Scholar
  6. Collins, N., & Read, S. (1990). Adult attachment relationships, working models and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 644–683.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1984, 1985, 1996). Adult attachment interview protocol. Unpublished manuscript, University of California at Berkeley.Google Scholar
  8. Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. R. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511–524.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Hesse, E. (1999). The adult attachment interview: Historical and current perspectives. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment (pp. 395–433). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hoffman, K., Cooper, G., & Powell, B. (2017). Raising a secure child: How circle of security parenting can help you nurture your child’s attachment, emotional resilience, and freedom to explore. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  11. Kobak, R. (1989). The attachment interview q-sort. University of Delaware: Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  12. Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of an insecure disoriented attachment pattern: Procedures, findings and implications for the classification of behavior. In T. Brazelton & M. Youngman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy. Norwood: Ablex.Google Scholar
  13. Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1–2., Serial No. 209), 66–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Perry, B., & Szalavitz, M. (2009). Born for Love: Why empathy is Essential – and Endangered. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  15. Powell, B., Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., & Marvin, B. (2014). Circle of security intervention: Enhancing attachments in early parent child relationships. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  16. Schaffer, H. R. (2004). Introducing child psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  17. Schore, J. R., & Schore, A. N. (2008). Modern attachment theory: The central role of affect regulation in development and treatment. Clinical Social Work Journal, 36, 9–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sroufe, L. A. (1977). Attachment as an organizational construct. Child Development, 48, 1184–1199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sroufe, L. A. (2005). Attachment and development: A prospective, longitudinal study from birth to adulthood. Attachment and Human Development, 7, 349–367.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Stern, D. N. (1985). Interpersonal world of the infant: A view from psychoanalysis and developmental psychology. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  21. van der Kolk, B. (2005). Developmental trauma disorder: Toward a rational diagnosis for children with complex trauma histories. Psychiatric Annals, 35(5), 401–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. van Ijzendoorn, M. (1999). Disorganized attachment in early childhood: Meta-analysis of precursors, concomitants, and sequelae. Development and Psychopathology, 11(2), 225–249.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deidre Quinlan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mary Ann Marchel
    • 2
  • Glen Cooper
    • 3
  • Kent Hoffman
    • 3
  • Bert Powell
    • 3
  1. 1.Circle of Security InternationalDuluthUSA
  2. 2.College of St. ScholasticaDuluthUSA
  3. 3.Circle of Security InternationalSpokaneUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Molly F. Gasbarrini
    • 1
  1. 1.Alliant International UniversityLos AngelesUSA