Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Multiple Impact Family Therapy

  • Anne Hearon RamboEmail author
  • Tommie V. Boyd
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_329

Name of Model

Multiple Impact Therapy (MIT)


In the late 1950s, the Youth Development Project was a specialized service for adolescents and their families, offered by the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas (Ritchie 1960). Families seeking treatment came from a considerable distance – “anywhere from 50 to 450 miles” (Ritchie 1960, p. 16) – and this presented special difficulties, as a regular weekly meeting over several months was not an option. The Multiple Impact Team (MIT) model started as a way to solve this problem of distance, but developed into a systemic intervention (MacGregor 1962; Ritchie 1960; MacGregor et al. 1964).

Prominent Associated Figures

Robert MacGregor, a clinical psychologist, and Agnes Ritchie, a clinical social worker, headed a team of clinicians, consisting also of clinical psychology interns, medical students, nursing students, and psychiatric residents in training (MacGregor 1962; Ritchie 1960). Alberto Serrano was also...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nova Southeastern University FortLauderdaleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eli Karam
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA