Roles in Couples and Families
Family-work conflict; Gender roles; Inter-role conflict; Role balance theory; Role conflict theory; Role enhancement perspective; Sex-role attitudes; Work-family conflict approach; Work-family enrichment
Roles in couples and families are often discussed in terms of the division of labor among family members and the amount of time spent engaging in different types of work including paid work, housework, and child care. Roles are behavior patterns which may be governed by expectations or attitudes. Traditionally, the role of men was to work for pay outside of the home while women focused on more domestic activities including housework and childcare. Much of society experienced a shift in the twentieth century away from traditional gender roles and toward a more egalitarian pattern. This transformation was propelled, in part, by the influx of women into the labor force. This rise in the number of dual-earner families necessitated an adjustment in the roles that...
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