Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

MRI Brief Family Therapy

  • Michael J. RohrbaughEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_163

Name of Model

MRI Brief Family Therapy

Synonyms

Brief problem-focused therapy; Brief strategic therapy; Brief Therapy Center; Mental Research Institute; MRI group; Palo Alto group; Palo Alto model

Introduction

In 1966, Richard Fisch, John Weakland, and Paul Watzlawick formed the Brief Therapy Center *(BTC) at Palo Alto’s Mental Research Institute* (MRI) to investigate therapeutic approaches to rapid problem resolution. A major influence on their work was the “interactional” or “systemic” view of human problems that grew from Gregory Bateson’s (1952–62) research project, in which Weakland, Jay Haley, and MRI founder Don Jackson were coinvestigators. Through applying ideas from cybernetics and systems theory to human communication, the Bateson group provided what many regard as the intellectual foundation of the family therapy movement (Watzlawick et al. 1967). Another influence on the MRI group* was the uncommon therapy of Arizona psychiatrist Milton Erickson, whom Weakland and Haley...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Fisch, R., & Schlanger, K. (1999). Brief therapy with intimidating cases: Changing the unchangeable. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Fisch, R., Weakland, J. H., & Segal, L. (1982). The tactics of change: Doing therapy briefly. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  3. O’Hanlon, W., & Weiner-Davis, M. (1989). In search of solutions: A new direction in psychotherapy. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  4. Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Shoham, V. (2001). Brief therapy based on interrupting ironic processes: The Palo Alto model. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 66–81.Google Scholar
  5. Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Shoham, V. (2011). Family consultation for couples coping with health problems: A social-cybernetic approach. In H. S. Friedman (Ed.), Oxford handbook of health psychology (pp. 480–501). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Shoham, V. (2015). Brief strategic couple therapy: Toward a family consultation approach. In A. S. Gurman, D. K. Snyder, & J. Lebow (Eds.), Clinical handbook of couple therapy (5th ed., pp. 335–357). New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
  7. Rohrbaugh, M. J., Shoham, V., & Schlanger, K. (1992). In the brief therapy archives: A report on the D. D. Jackson Memorial Award. Palo Alto: Mental Research Institute.Google Scholar
  8. Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Shoham, V. (2017). Family consultation for change resistant health and behaviour problems: A systemic – strategic approach. In A. J. Consoli, L. E. Beutter, & B. Bongar (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychotherapy (2nd ed., pp. 170–187). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Shoham, V., Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Patterson, J. (1995). Brief-strategic and solution-focused couples therapy: The MRI and Milwaukee models. In N. S. Jacobson & A. S. Gurman (Eds.), Clinical handbook of couple therapy (pp. 142–163). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  10. Watzlawick, P., Beavin, J., & Jackson, D. D. (1967). Pragmatics of human communication. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  11. Watzlawick, P., Weakland, J. H., & Fisch, R. (1974). Change: Principles of problem formation and problem resolution. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  12. Weakland, J. H., Fisch, R., Watzlawick, P., & Bodin, A. (1974). Brief therapy: Focused problem resolution. Family Process, 13, 141–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Corinne Datchi
    • 1
  • Ryan M. Earl
    • 2
  1. 1.Seton Hall UniversitySouth OrangeUSA
  2. 2.The Family Institute at Northwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA